Infections occur due to pathogens that are microscopic organisms, such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. If not treated at the right time, infections can become life-threatening. They are one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
Normally, when any pathogen attacks your body, the immune system gets activated and fights against it. But in the elderly, or in people who are immunocompromised because of certain health conditions or immunosuppressants intake, it can become hard to fight with. Therefore they need to exercise more caution to keep themselves protected.
In this article, we will tell you the tips that can help in the prevention of infection. But before that, you must know how infections transmit from one person to another. Since they occur due to pathogens, they can travel from one place to another.
Pathogens can enter your body from openings such as the mouth, anus, eyes, nasal cavities, ears, genitals, and cuts or wounds. Any opening in the body becomes a route to their entry. The more you prevent their entrance into your body, the more protected you can remain.
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How Can You Prevent Infections?
To prevent infections, you can exercise the following tips.
Wash Your Hands
You use your hands to touch everything, and then you use them to touch your face and body. In this way, they can become a medium of transmitting infection from one place to another.
To prevent infection transmission through hands, you should wash them with soap and running water. Not only do you need to wash your hands before cooking or eating food, but you also need to wash them:
- When you come home from outside
- When you cough or sneeze
- If you care for a sick person
- If you feed or stroke a pet
Make sure to wash your hands for at least 40 seconds to ensure no microbes reside on your skin.
Cover A Cough
Whenever you cough, make sure you cover your mouth because your respiratory droplets can infect other people. You can cover your mouth with tissue paper or cough in the elbow.
Cover The Sneeze
Whenever you sneeze, make sure you cover your mouth with tissue paper. If you do not have tissue paper handy, you can use your elbow. After sneezing in a tissue paper, throw it away in the dustbin right away. It is better to wash your hands too after that.
Wash All Cuts
If you get any cut or abrasion, make sure to wash it with soap and water or disinfect it with alcohol or pyodine. Not disinfecting the wound or cut can lead to infection. Your skin contains many tiny microbes that you can not see with your naked eyes. When you do not wash it or disinfect it, the germs can easily infect it and enter your body. Therefore you need to protect your wound and abrasion from germs infestation.
Do Not Squeeze Pimples
Do not squeeze pimples as they can spread. Do not touch them time and again. When you touch them, your hands may carry germs, and when you touch the other part of the skin, pimples can grow there too, because of germs transmission.
Do Not Share Personal Items
Do not share personal items such as handkerchiefs, tissues, napkins, and towels with any person having an infection. It is better not to share them anytime, even when they are healthy.
The Bottom Line
Infections are transmissible. They can travel from one person to another through direct contact. If you have a complaint of recurrent infection, you should visit Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi.