Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (B. R. Ambedkar) (14 April 1891 to 6 December 1956), the creator of modern India, dreamed of the unity and integrity of India. He believed that due to casteism and caste hatred, the country is declining and unless caste hatred is eliminated, India’s development is not possible. Ambedkar believes that Hindu unity can be sustained only by the annihilation of caste. The elimination of caste will end communalism, because casteism and communalism are two sides of the same coin.
B. R. Ambedkar, who considers the scientific approach as supreme, believes that unnecessary and unhelpful contemplation took place in India and Indians remained entangled in it for thousands of years. I could not conclude it. At the same time, he also believed that the philosophy of Katyayan, Panini or Kapil also got stuck there. After that there was no work on it. Dr. Ambedkar, referring to Professor Hardayal, says, “Spiritual learning is the stigma of India. He has destroyed his history. He is pushed into the pit of destruction. He has put his great men in a pathetic state of mind and he has wandered them in the corridors of futile curiosity and consciousness. He has made the Indians so useless that they keep walking on the same old pattern like a bull of a crusher for hundreds of years.
Ambedkar has always regretted that India could not progress beyond some basic traditional knowledge. India remained untouched by the changing technologies in the medieval and modern world. Where gunpowder and cannons were invented in other countries, India remained entangled with the ancient spearhead. For the facilities of humans, where mills, machines, aircraft, rail locomotives, motor vehicles were discovered in Europe on a large scale, India remained engrossed in its philosophy and spirituality. On Indian research and development, Ambedkar said,
‘The contribution of Hindu civilization in the field of science, art and skill is very primitive. Except for a few areas of weaving, spinning, etc., the rest of Hindu civilization has not devised any technology that can help man in his struggle against nature and achieve a standard of living that can be said to be higher than the barbaric era. .
B. R. Ambedkar blames caste and ethnic hatred behind this pathetic condition of India. He clearly believed that facilities should be provided to people associated with various professions.
Ambedkar believes that the economic development of the country can happen only when there is a proper distribution of resources. No one should be taken away on the basis of caste, nor should anyone be given the right on the basis of birth.
He believes, “Economic sentiment stagnates with caste sentiments. This creates conditions that are against the collective efforts in agriculture and other areas. Rural development will remain against socialist principles while living in caste. Therefore, those who have become big monopolies due to casteism, they should be broken and the land should be distributed among those who can cultivate it or can do collective farming, so that the rapid development of cities and villages can be done. ‘
B. R. Ambedkar: Being Hindu …
He considers various divisions among Hindus responsible for the attacks and conquests of various religious groups. B. R. Ambedkar believes that being Hindu is not the last social category in terms of Hindus. The last category is caste or sub-caste. When Hindus meet each other, they surely ask, ‘Your introduction?’ If the question is answered that I am a Hindu, that would not be a satisfactory answer. Certainly it will not be accepted as the final answer. Inquiries will continue. Of course the Hindu will be asked after the answer, ‘Kaun Jaat?’ Followed by ‘Kaun Upajat?’ When the asker reaches the last social category i.e. caste and sub-caste, then he stops the inquiry.
Ambedkar does not separate casteism from communalism. If we look at communalism in the present, then casteism is seen in its basis. In most cases it is seen that if a person is communal and is strongly opposed to any other religion, then he is a racist. Describing casteism as the enemy of nationalism, Ambedkar said, “True nationalism is the abandonment of caste sentiment.” And caste sentiment is a form of intense communalism. ‘
The philosophy of India is a large section of those who consider the caste system superior. This class has believed that the caste system was a superior system according to the professions, which was later linked to birth and untouchability came into it.
At the same time, Ambedkar clearly said that caste hatred exists only in the religious structure of Indian society. Ambedkar says that the more castes, the more there will be segregation and segregation in Hinduism. If Hindu society wants to survive, it has to think not to increase in numbers, but to increase its unity and it means ‘abolition of caste’.
Ambedkar is still relevant today in the current communal-religious-politics era of India’s development, who believed that until the high altitude and ethnic hatred among Hindus is removed and the proper distribution of resources, the country Will not develop. The people of the mass movement will also have to consider that opposition to communalism or religiousness alone cannot be the basis of any major movement. Talking about social equality and economic equity and raising such issues is essential for the success of the people’s movements.